David Brushwood

David Brushwood, R.Ph., J.D.

Professor Emeritus

Department: Pharmaceutical Outcomes & Policy
Business Email: brushwood@cop.ufl.edu

About David Brushwood

David Brushwood is professor of Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy at the University of Florida College of Pharmacy. A graduate of the schools of pharmacy and law at the University of Kansas, professor Brushwood practiced both professions prior to entering academia. His research interests are in the areas of regulating for outcomes, medication error prevention, and pain management policy. He has received grant funding from numerous agencies including the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, and the National Community Pharmacy Foundation.

Professor Brushwood founded the department’s online Master of Science in Pharmacy program, and he directed that program for six years before stepping down as director in 2011. He has maintained an interest in online education and he currently teaches an elective PharmD course on Pharmaceutical Regulatory Compliance for pharmacy students throughout the country.

Professor Brushwood received the 2012 Pellegrino Medal. The award honors nationally-recognized leaders “for contributions to healthcare ethics in the selfless spirit of Edmund D. Pellegrino.” He also has twice been selected as a Mayday Scholar in Pain Policy by the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics. Professor Brushwood is a frequent contributor to pharmacy journals and to law journals.

Teaching Profile

Courses Taught
2010-2011,2013-2014
PHA6937 Topics in Pharmaceutical Administration
2010-2014
PHA6910 Supervised Research
2010-2014
PHA7979 Advanced Research
2010-2011,2014
PHA6935 Selected Topics in Pharmacy
2011,2014
PHA6936 Advanced Topics in Pharmaceutical Sciences
2013-2014
PHA5251 Pharm Regulatory Comp
2013-2014
PHA6266 Introduction to Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy II
2013
PHA6805 Applied Data Interpretation and Reporting of Findings in Pharmacy
2010-2013
PHA7980 Research for Doctoral Dissertation
2006-2007,2009-2013,2013
PHA6273 Regulation
2010-2013
PHA6279 Pharmaceutical Outcomes and Policy Seminar
2009-2011,2013
PHA6274 Federal Regulations of Drugs and Pharmacy
2012
PHA5727 Intro Pharmacists/Sys
2007,2009-2011
PHA6938 Research Seminar
2011
PHA6940 Supervised Teaching
2011
PHA6799 Patient Safety Program Evaluation
2010-2011
PHA5272 Risk Management, Liability and Compliance
2009-2011
PHA5271 Health Care Risk Management
2011
PHA6891 Introduction to Pharmacoepidemiology
2011
PHA6893 Research Ethics
2011
PHA6793 Evidentiary Basis of Pharmaceutical Use
2011
PHA6971 Masters Research
2007,2009-2011
PHA6275 Federal Regulations of Controlled Substances
2009-2011
PHA6278 State Regulation of Drugs and Pharmacy
2008,2010-2011
PHA6277 Ethics in Drug Development Production and Use
2011
PHA6291 Pharmaceutical Health Care Systems
2011
PHA6860 Prevention of Pharmaceutical Crimes
2006-2007,2010-2011
PHA5270 Health Care and Patient Safety
2007,2009-2011,2011
PHA6276 Reg Pharm Access/Cost
2010-2011
PHA6287 Pharmaceutical Health Economics
2009-2011
PHA6286 Pharmaceutical Microeconomics
2011
PHA6280 Medicare and Medicaid
2011
PHA6289 Regulating Clinical Research
2011
PHA6288 Critical Review of Research Methods
2011
PHA6281 Practices and Procedures of Administrative Agencies
2006-2010
PHA5239 Pharm Law and Ethics
2006
PHA5233 Pharmaceutical Law

Research Profile

Research Interests: Pain Management Policy, Pharmacy Risk Management, Regulating for Outcomes and Pharmacist Professional Responsibility

Publications

2014
Potassium chloride for injection concentrate: time for a risk evaluation and mitigation strategy.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 71(3):238-42 [DOI] 10.2146/ajhp130314. [PMID] 24429019.
2013
Discretion of the Food and Drug Administration to enforce compounding rules.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 70(17):1538-43 [DOI] 10.2146/ajhp130127. [PMID] 23943187.
2013
Evaluating promotional claims as false or misleading.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 70(21):1941-4 [DOI] 10.2146/ajhp130076. [PMID] 24128969.
2012
Application of the concept of “moral luck” in a case involving a pharmacist.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 69(18):1604-6 [DOI] 10.2146/ajhp120074. [PMID] 22935944.
2012
California court’s decision regarding a physician’s petition for reinstatement of his medical license.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 69(22):2006-8 [DOI] 10.2146/ajhp120365. [PMID] 23135569.
2012
Pharmacy department not liable for use of contraindicated drug in surgical suite.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 69(4):349-51 [DOI] 10.2146/ajhp110602. [PMID] 22302260.
2010
Legal liability perspectives on abuse-deterrent opioids in the treatment of chronic pain.
Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy. 24(4):333-48 [DOI] 10.3109/15360288.2010.524979. [PMID] 21133741.
2009
Drug enforcement administration liability for false arrest of physician.
Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy. 23(2):156-62 [DOI] 10.1080/15360280902900984. [PMID] 19492217.
2009
Hospital liability for accuracy of pharmacist consultations.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 66(7):680-3 [DOI] 10.2146/ajhp080626. [PMID] 19299377.
2009
Legal commentary on “Defending patient autonomy: the case of the challenging spouse”.
Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy. 23(4) [DOI] 10.3109/15360280903324606. [PMID] 19947839.
2009
Recent trends in pharmacy law and regulation.
Pharmacy in history. 51(3):98-102 [PMID] 20527203.
2009
Warranties of a compounding pharmacist.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 66(5):495-8 [DOI] 10.2146/ajhp080409. [PMID] 19233998.
2008
Multiple schedule II prescriptions: the final rule.
Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy. 22(2):139-43 [PMID] 19042838.
2008
Should the DEA conduct a “patient impact assessment” when promulgating new restrictions on controlled substance distribution?
Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy. 22(4):322-6 [DOI] 10.1080/15360280802534222. [PMID] 21923319.
2008
Update on prescription monitoring in clinical practice: a survey study of prescription monitoring program administrators.
Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.). 9(5):587-94 [DOI] 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2008.00471.x. [PMID] 18565002.
2007
Constructs underlying community pharmacy dispensing functions relative to Florida pharmacy technicians.
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA. 47(5):588-98 [PMID] 17848348.
2007
Debunking myths of negligence in pain management practice.
Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy. 21(1):47-52 [PMID] 17430831.
2007
Patient perspectives on criminal prosecutions of pain management practitioners:lessons from the Fisher-Miller case.
Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy. 21(3):73-8 [PMID] 18032362.
2007
Pharmacist-physician collaboration in pain management practice.
Journal of opioid management. 3(6):295-301 [PMID] 18290580.
2007
The “general recognition and acceptance” standard of objectivity for good faith in prescribing: legal and medical implications.
Journal of pain & palliative care pharmacotherapy. 21(2):35-8 [PMID] 17844726.
2006
Affirmation of states’ authority to define “legitimate medical purpose”.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 63(11):1069-72 [PMID] 16709895.
2005
A pharmacist model of perceived responsibility for drug therapy outcomes.
Social science & medicine (1982). 60(10):2393-403 [PMID] 15748686.
2005
Defining “legitimate medical purpose”.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 62(3):306-8 [PMID] 15719590.
2004
Cancer patient and caregiver experiences: communication and pain management issues.
Journal of pain and symptom management. 28(6):566-78 [PMID] 15589081.
2004
Media coverage of controlled substance diversion through theft or loss.
Journal of the American Pharmacists Association : JAPhA. 44(4):439-44 [PMID] 15372864.
2004
Of self-determination, care by proxy, and new techniques.
Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.). 5(1):94-7 [PMID] 14996241.
2003
Distinction between innovative therapy and research.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 60(4):383-5 [PMID] 12625223.
2003
Maximizing the value of electronic prescription monitoring programs.
The Journal of law, medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 31(1):41-54 [PMID] 12762101.
2003
Professional casualties in America’s war on drugs.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 60(19):2004-6 [PMID] 14531249.
2002
Governance of pharmacy, 1952-2002.
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington, D.C. : 1996). 42(3):383-4 [PMID] 12030622.
2002
Judicial policy and expanded duties for pharmacists.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 59(5):455-7 [PMID] 11887413.
2002
Manufacturer warnings of system-related medication errors.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 59(11):1110-2 [PMID] 12063898.
2002
Responsive regulation of Internet pharmacy practice.
Specialty law digest. Health care law. (281):9-37 [PMID] 12375402.
2002
Time savings associated with dispensing unit-of-use packages.
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington, D.C. : 1996). 42(4):577-81 [PMID] 12150355.
2002
Trends and events in American pharmacy, 1852-2002.
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington, D.C. : 1996). 42(5 Suppl 1):S24-5 [PMID] 12296541.
2002
Voluntary undertaking rule and duty to warn.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 59(19):1867-9 [PMID] 12374074.
2001
From confrontation to collaboration: collegial accountability and the expanding role of pharmacists in the management of chronic pain.
The Journal of law, medicine & ethics : a journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 29(1):69-93 [PMID] 11521273.
2001
Governance of pharmacy, 1902-52.
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington, D.C. : 1996). 41(3):376-7 [PMID] 11372901.
2001
Responsive regulation of Internet pharmacy practice.
Annals of health law. 10:75-103 [PMID] 11496591.
2001
Scope of home care guidelines.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 58(11) [PMID] 11402483.
2000
Adverse drug reactions in elderly patients: alternative approaches to postmarket surveillance.
Journal of health law. 33(3):383-454 [PMID] 11184355.
2000
Clinical practice guidelines and the standard of care.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 57(2):159-61 [PMID] 10688244.
2000
Governance of pharmacy, 1852-1902.
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington, D.C. : 1996). 40(3):347-8 [PMID] 10853532.
2000
Preceptor responsibility for supervising pharmacy intern.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 57(1):58-60 [PMID] 10630560.
1999
Reimbursement for unlabeled medication use.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 56(3):257-9 [PMID] 10030514.
1998
Regulating for pharmaceutical care outcomes.
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (Washington, D.C. : 1996). 38(5):524-6 [PMID] 9782684.
1998
State pharmacy regulators’ opinions on regulating pharmaceutical care outcomes.
The Annals of pharmacotherapy. 32(6):642-7 [PMID] 9640481.
1997
Challenging denial of coverage for innovative therapy.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 54(5):572-4 [PMID] 9066870.
1997
The pharmacist’s duty under OBRA-90 standards.
The Journal of legal medicine. 18(4):475-509 [PMID] 9433037.
1996
Conscientious objection to assisted death: can pharmacy address this in a systematic fashion?
The Annals of pharmacotherapy. 30(10):1185-91 [PMID] 8893130.
1996
Constitutional right to pharmaceutically assisted death.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 53(15):1797-9 [PMID] 8842311.
1996
Corporate pharmacy’s responsibility for a dispensing error.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 53(6):668-70 [PMID] 8800974.
1996
How old legal precedents produce new rules of law: a case study of Jones v. Walgreen.
Pharmacy in history. 38(1):3-14 [PMID] 11609165.
1996
Pharmaceutically assisted death and the pharmacist’s right of conscience.
The Journal of pharmacy & law. 5(1):1-18 [PMID] 11657421.
1996
Pharmacists’ duty to refrain from dispensing potentially addictive medication if necessary.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 53(3):308-10 [PMID] 8808029.
1995
Limits to pharmacists’ duty to warn.
American journal of health-system pharmacy : AJHP : official journal of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists. 52(12):1337-9 [PMID] 7656122.
1994
Admissibility of scientific testimony into evidence.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 51(5):683-5 [PMID] 8203391.
1994
Hospital and pharmacist liability for sexual harassment of a pharmacy technician.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 51(3):397-9 [PMID] 8160699.
1994
Hospital pharmacists’ duty to question clear errors in prescriptions.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 51(16):2031-3 [PMID] 7977424.
1994
Hospital’s independent responsibility to obtain informed consent.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 51(17):2176-8 [PMID] 7985697.
1994
Legal justification for licensure of pharmacy technicians. Mace v. Charleston Area Medical Center.
The Journal of pharmacy technology : jPT : official publication of the Association of Pharmacy Technicians. 10(2):61-3 [PMID] 10184086.
1993
Conscientious objection and abortifacient drugs.
Clinical therapeutics. 15(1):204-12; discussion 168 [PMID] 8458050.
1993
Hospital’s obligation to monitor medical services. Thompson v. Nason Hospital.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 50(7):1437-9 [PMID] 8362881.
1993
Patient injury and attempted link with pharmacist’s negligence.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 50(11):2382-5 [PMID] 8266972.
1993
Pharmaco-legal considerations in the clinical use of decongestants.
Pharmacotherapy. 13(6 Pt 2):135S-142S; discussion 143S [PMID] 7507591.
1992
Appropriateness of mandatory patient counseling.
The Annals of pharmacotherapy. 26(9) [PMID] 1421684.
1992
Government liable for failure to monitor a patient’s serum gentamicin concentration in an Army hospital.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 49(7):1748-50 [PMID] 1621735.
1992
Hospital liable for allergic reaction to heparin used in injection flush.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 49(6):1491-2 [PMID] 1530000.
1992
Hospital liable for defect in cardioplegia solution.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 49(5):1174-6 [PMID] 1595749.
1992
Hospital’s refusal to hire HIV-infected pharmacist without restrictions violates Rehabilitation Act.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 49(8):1959-61 [PMID] 1442841.
1992
Prison pharmacist may be liable for refusing to dispense anticonvulsants to an inmate.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 49(3):636-9 [PMID] 1598946.
1991
Criminal conviction for distribution of a drug not approved by the FDA.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 48(4):747-9 [PMID] 2042679.
1991
Monitoring prescriptions for legitimacy.
American pharmacy. NS31(9):32-5 [PMID] 1951039.
1991
State’s right to treat a prisoner forcibly with antipsychotic drugs without a judicial hearing.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 48(2):309-10 [PMID] 1672239.
1991
The duty to counsel: reviewing a decade of litigation.
DICP : the annals of pharmacotherapy. 25(2):195-204 [PMID] 2058192.
1991
The pharmacist’s role in patient care.
The Hastings Center report. 21(1):12-7 [PMID] 2004893.
1991
Women of childbearing capacity may not be excluded from working with hazardous substances because of their gender.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 48(6):1281-3 [PMID] 1858813.
1990
Confidentiality: an ethical issue.
U. S. pharmacist. 15(5):53-5 [PMID] 11659657.
1990
Deception.
U. S. pharmacist. 15(9):88, 90-91 [PMID] 11659658.
1990
Drugs for the intentional termination of pregnancy.
Topics in hospital pharmacy management. 10(1):34-9 [PMID] 10128542.
1990
Is a hospital negligent because one of its pharmacists allowed a medical resident to obtain an abortifacient for a girlfriend?
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 47(4):822-3 [PMID] 2321662.
1990
Liability of dispensing to an inpatient an estrogenic drug without a patient package insert.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 47(8):1804-6 [PMID] 2389790.
1990
Must a Catholic hospital inform a rape victim of the availability of the “morning-after pill”?
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 47(2):395-6 [PMID] 2309736.
1990
Need for clear and convincing evidence of a patient’s wishes before artificial nutrition and hydration may be withdrawn.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 47(12):2720-2 [PMID] 2278289.
1990
Pharmacist’s qualifications as an expert witness on a physician’s standard of care.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 47(9):2078-80 [PMID] 2220871.
1990
When ethics and the law collide.
U. S. pharmacist. 15(12) [PMID] 11659659.
1989
Refusal to dispense a prescription: what is the law?
American pharmacy. NS29(10):29-32 [PMID] 2816716.
1988
New technologies and patient choice. A lesson from the chymopapain experience.
Medicine and law. 7(3):211-8 [PMID] 3054381.
1987
Riff v. Morgan Pharmacy. A legal mandate for patient-oriented pharmacy practice.
American pharmacy. NS27(3):68-9 [PMID] 3565255.
1986
Drug information for patients. Duties of the manufacturer, pharmacist, physician, and hospital.
The Journal of legal medicine. 7(3):279-340 [PMID] 3490527.
1986
Regulatory controversy surrounding ipecac use and misuse.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 43(1):157-61 [PMID] 2869686.
1985
A third class of drugs: an overview.
Drug intelligence & clinical pharmacy. 19(1):62-6 [PMID] 3967579.
1985
Right to refuse treatment with psychotropic medication.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 42(12):2709-14 [PMID] 4083290.
1984
Is there a pharmacist-patient privilege?
Law, medicine & health care : a publication of the American Society of Law & Medicine. 12(2):63-7 [PMID] 6563350.
1983
Pharmacist liability for suicide by drug overdose.
American journal of hospital pharmacy. 40(3):439-43 [PMID] 6846352.
1983
The informed intermediary doctrine and the pharmacist’s duty to warn.
The Journal of legal medicine. 4(3):349-82 [PMID] 6605402.
1983
Two legal issues: expert witnesses and Bendectin case.
Drug intelligence & clinical pharmacy. 17(11):848-9 [PMID] 6641512.
1982
Grounds for revocation or suspension of a pharmacist’s license.
American pharmacy. NS22(11):6-8 [PMID] 7180811.
1982
Use of the countersuit by pharmacists who have been groundlessly sued for malpractice.
Contemporary pharmacy practice. 5(2):95-101 [PMID] 10256916.
1981
Prosecuting the prescription forger.
American pharmacy. NS21(12):22-4 [PMID] 7315728.

Contact Details

Emails:
Addresses:
Business Mailing:
PO Box 100496
GAINESVILLE FL 32610
Business Street:
ROOM 3317 HPNP
101 S. NEWELL DR.
PROFESSOR DAVID BRUSHWOOD
GAINESVILLE FL 32611