Combating bacterial ‘superbugs’ via latest experimental and computational approaches
Bacterial ‘superbugs’ which are resistant to most or all antibiotics present one of the three most serious threats to human health in the US and worldwide. This has been highlighted by the World Health Organization, the US President’s Office, the European Union, and numerous national and international organizations. If bacterial resistance to antibiotics is not tackled successfully, a tremendous financial loss (>$1 trillion till 2050), widespread human suffering and an increased mortality from bacterial infections have all been predicted. Without effective antibiotic therapy, care of premature neonates, transplants, cancer chemotherapy and many other achievements of modern medicine will no longer be possible without significant risk. Therefore, society is on a path of reverting back to the pre-antibiotic era.
To combat this substantial global health crisis, the dynamic antimicrobial research team at Lake Nona is developing innovative antibiotic combination therapies which can successfully treat infections by these ‘superbugs’. This team is headed by Dr. Jürgen Bulitta who is an internationally recognized expert in antimicrobial pharmacology, latest in vitro infection models, and translational mechanistic modeling. His team is greatly enhanced by the in-depth expertise in molecular and clinical microbiology by Dr. Bartolome Moya as well as by multiple fruitful collaborations with the UF Institute for Therapeutic Innovation located in the same building at Lake Nona.
Drs. Bulitta and Moya have a long-standing interest in beta-lactam antibiotics which are the largest and most commonly used group of antibiotics. These drugs can be used safely in patients of all ages. However, there are substantial gaps in our understanding of how beta-lactam antibiotics can be used optimally which give rise to innovation combination therapies to combat ‘superbugs.’ This particularly applies to the use of two beta-lactams simultaneously. Such combinations can inactivate an optimal set of different target receptors (i.e. different penicillin-binding proteins). Additionally, our team is developing novel approaches of how to enhance the penetration of antibiotics to their bacterial target sites. This research involves the development of innovative combination therapies which include beta-lactam, aminoglycoside, polymyxin and other antibiotics, as well as a beta-lactamase inhibitor.
The second research stream by Dr. Bulitta’s group focuses on human pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and toxicodynamics. This includes advanced models of oral and inhaled drug absorption and greatly benefits from Dr. Yuanyuan Jiao’s expertise in clinical pharmacy. The latter research includes a fruitful collaboration with Dr. Guenther Hochhaus (COP, UF) in a stream of FDA-funded clinical studies. The latter assess important properties of inhaled corticosteroid formulations. This research is highly important for the development of the much-needed generic formulations for inhaled drugs.
Dr. Bulitta is continuously developing a free, open-source facilitator tool (SADAPT-TRAN) which greatly supports Quantitative and Systems Pharmacology (QSP) modeling in the S-ADAPT software package. This tool greatly enhances the capabilities and efficiency of researchers worldwide to perform translational, mechanistic modeling and optimally dose patients. These approaches and concepts are taught in Dr. Bulitta’s new course on “Translational Clinical Pharmacology” (PHA6133).